Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 42-52
Synthesis of Nano-Cellulose from Okra Fibre and FTIR as Well as Morphological Studies on It
Md. Mahmudur Rahman, Department of Basic Science, Primeasia University, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh
Mohd Maniruzzaman, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh
Md. Rashidul Islam, Department of Applied Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Islamic University, Kushtia, Bangladesh
Md. Saifur Rahman, Department of Chemistry, National University, Gazipur, Bangladesh
Received: Nov. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 6, 2018;       Published: Jan. 7, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20180402.11      View  87      Downloads  51
Abstract
Nano-cellulose was extracted from Okra fiber by various chemical treatment such as alkali treatment, bleaching and then by acid hydrolysis. The final products were characterized by means of Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). FTIR results showed that the hemicelluloses and lignin were removed from the extracted nano-cellulose. On the other hand, SEM analysis showed that the surface morphology of raw fiber, bleached fiber, alkali treated fiber and nano-cellulosic fiber. The surface of raw fiber was rough, not plain and smooth but the surface of Crystalline Nano Cellolose (CNC) became plain, smooth and not rough for the removing of lignin and fatty and waxy materials from it and simultaneously there is a honey comb structure appeared which will be very helpful for producing nano composites with polymeric materials. Size of the okra fiber was cellulose reduced into nano-sized particles.
Keywords
Nano-Cellulose, Cellulose, Acid Hydrolysis, Natural Fibers, Surface Morphology
To cite this article
Md. Mahmudur Rahman, Mohd Maniruzzaman, Md. Rashidul Islam, Md. Saifur Rahman, Synthesis of Nano-Cellulose from Okra Fibre and FTIR as Well as Morphological Studies on It, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2018, pp. 42-52. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20180402.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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