Volume 5, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 1-8
Synthesis and Characterization of Bi-Functional Poly (Acrylic Acid-Co-2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate) Coated Iron Oxide Magnetic Composite Particles
Tania Tofaz, Department of Chemistry, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur, Bangladesh
Dhananjoy Chandra Mahanto, Department of Chemistry, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur, Bangladesh
Shamima Akhter, Department of Chemistry, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur, Bangladesh
Md. Mahbubor Rahman, Department of Chemistry, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
M. Abdul Latif, Department of Chemistry, Begum Rokeya University, Rangpur, Bangladesh
Received: Jan. 7, 2019;       Accepted: Feb. 11, 2019;       Published: Mar. 5, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20190501.11      View  300      Downloads  53
Abstract
This paper covers the targetable magnetic iron oxide core and biodegradable, cost-effective, eco-friendly polymer shell considering their versatile and extensive use in various fields. In this work, poly (acrylic acid–co-2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate) [P (AA-co-HEMA)] magnetic composite polymer particles were synthesized by the method of two-stage solution polymerization in aqueous media. At first synthesis, the Fe3O4 particles by a traditional co-precipitation method and in the second stage occurs the formation of the polymer using acrylic acid (AA) as monomer and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA) as co-monomer. Finally, the synthesized iron oxide particles encapsulated by a polymer to modify the surface of composite particles. The modified composite particles were then characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray Diffractometry (XRD), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Vibrating Sample Magnetometry (VSM). The existence of carboxyl (-COOH) & hydroxyl (-OH) groups in the composite particles was confirmed by FTIR. XRD indicated the crystalline cubic spinel structure of magnetic composite particles. VSM results showed that the synthesized coated composite particles were paramagnetic in nature magnetic saturation is obtained 72.72 emu/g and 97.9 emu/g for bare Fe3O4 and coated magnetic composite particles respectively.
Keywords
Radical Copolymerization, AA, HEMA, MNPs
To cite this article
Tania Tofaz, Dhananjoy Chandra Mahanto, Shamima Akhter, Md. Mahbubor Rahman, M. Abdul Latif, Synthesis and Characterization of Bi-Functional Poly (Acrylic Acid-Co-2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate) Coated Iron Oxide Magnetic Composite Particles, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2019, pp. 1-8. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20190501.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
P. Volfova, V. Chrastova, L. Cernakova, J. Mrenica, J. Kozankova, Properties of polystyrene/poly(butyl acrylate) core/shell polymers modified with n-methylol acrylamide. Macromol. Symp., 2001, 170, 283–290.
[2]
S. E. Shim, Y. J. Cha, J. M. Byun, S. Choe, Size Control of Polystyrene Beads by Multistage Seeded Emulsion Polymerization. J. App. Polym. Sci., 1999, 71, 2259-2269.
[3]
R. Tong, Y. Wang, G. Yang, A. Ma, K. Sun, H. Yang and J. Wang, Study of preparation and properties on polymer-modified magnetite nanoparticles. S. Afr. J. Chem., 2015, 68, 99–104.
[4]
Z. P. Xiao, K. M. Yang, H. Liang, J. Lu, Synthesis of Magnetic, Reactive, and Thermo responsive Fe3O4 Nanoparticles via Surface-Initiated RAFT Copolymerization of N-Isopropylacrylamide and Acrolein. Journal of Polymer Science, 2010, 48 (3), 542-550.
[5]
H. Ahmad, M. M. Hossain, M. M. Rahman, and M. A. Jalil Miah, Monodispersed Carboxylated Composite Polymer Microspheres and Physical Immobilization of Biomolecules. Polymer journal, 2007, 39 (5), 428-434.
[6]
J. Xu, and Z. Fan, Poly[N-isopropylacrylamide-co-3-(trimethoxysilyl)-propylmethacrylate] Coated Aqueous Dispersed Thermosensitive Fe3O4 Nanoparticles. J. Phys. Chem. C, 2009, 113, 10090–10096.
[7]
M. Mahdavi et.al, Synthesis, Surface Modification and Characterisation of Biocompatible Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications. Molecules, 2013, 18 (7), 7533-7548.
[8]
M. Rapado, C. Peniche, Synthesis and characterization of pH and temperature responsive poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-acrylamide) hydrogels. Polimeros. Ciencia. E. Tecnologia., 2015, 25 (6), 547–555.
[9]
H. Ahmad, M. A. Rahman, M. A. J. Miah, and K. Tauer, Magnetic and temperature-sensitive composite polymer particles and adsorption behavior of emulsifiers and trypsin, Macromolecular Research, 2008, 16, 637-643.
[10]
L. Zhuang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhong, et al., Hydrophilic Magnetochromatic Nanoparticles with Controllable Sizes and Super-high Magnetization for Visualization of Magnetic Field Intensity. Scientific Reports, 2015, 5, 17063, 1-9.
[11]
H. Ahmad, A. H. M. T. Islam, M. A. Hossain, M. A. J. Miah, K. Tauer, Emulsion Copolymerization of Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Monomers: An Experimental Study With Styrene and 2-Hydroxyethyl Methacrylate. e-Polymers, 2006, Number 030.
[12]
Gowariker, V. R., Viswanathan, N. V. and Shreedhar, Polymer Science book, New Age International, 2005, New Delhi.
[13]
J. W. Kim, J. W. Shim, J. H. Bae, S. H. Han, H. K. Kim, I. S. Chang, H. H. Kang, K. D. Suh, Titanium dioxide/poly (methyl methacrylate) composite microspheres prepared by in situ suspension polymerization and their ability to protect against UV rays. Colloid Polym. Sci., 2002, 280 (6), 584-588.
[14]
N. Manoharan, M. T. Elsesser, D. J. Pine, Dense packing and symmetry in small clusters of microspheres. Science, 2003, 301, 483-487.
[15]
Y. C. Chen, C. C. Tsai, Y. D. Lee, Preparation and properties of silylated PTFE/SiO2 organic-inorganic hybrids via sol-gel process. J. Polym. Sci. Part A: Polym. Chem., 2004, 42 (7), 1789-1807.
[16]
M. A. Rahman, M. A. J. Miah, H. Minami, H. Ahmad, Preparation of magnetically doped multilayered functional silica particles via surface modification with organic polymer. Polym. Adv. Technol., 2013, 24 (2), 174-180.
[17]
B. H. Shambharkar, S. S. Umare, Synthesis and characterization of polyaniline/NiO nano composite. J. App. Polym. Sci., 2011, 122 (3), 1905-1912.
[18]
I. Tissot, C. Novat, F. Lefebvre, E. Bourgeat-Lami, Hybrid latex particles coated with silica. Macromolecules, 2001, 34 (17), 5737-5739.
[19]
C. L. Sun, L. C. Chen, M. C. Su, L. S. Hong, O. Chyan, C. Y. Hsu, K. H. Chen, T. F. Chang, L. Chang, Ultrafine platinum nanoparticles uniformly dispersed on arrayed CNx nanotubes with high electrochemical activity. Chem. Mater, 2005, 17 (14), 3749-3754.
[20]
S. Kawano, A. Sei, M. Kunitake, Sparsely distributed silica/PMAA composite particles prepared by static polymerization in aqueous silica dispersion. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 2010, 352 (2), 348-353.
[21]
Y. Ichiyanagi, N. Wakabayashi, J. Yamazaki, S. Kimishima, E. Komatsu, H. Tajima, Magnetic properties of NiO nanoparticles. Phys. B Condensed Matt., 2003, 329, 862-863.
[22]
K. Karthik, G. K. Selvan, M. Kanagaraj, S. Arumugam, N. V. Jaya, Particle size effect on the magnetic properties of NiO nanoparticles prepared by precipitation method. J. Alloy Comp., 2011, 509 (1), 181-184.
[23]
J. H. Adair, T. Li, T. Kido, K. Havey, J. Moon, J. Mecholsky, A. Morrone, D. R. Talham, M. H. Ludwig, L. Wang, Recent developments in the preparation and properties of nanometer- size spherical and platelet-shaped particles and composite particles. Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep., 1998, 23, 139-242.
[24]
S. Gandhi, N. Nagalakshmi, I. Baskaran, V. Dhanalakshmi, M. R. G. Nair, R. Anbarasan, Synthesis and characterization of nano-sized NiO and its surface catalytic effect on poly(vinyl alcohol). J. App. Polym. Sci., 2010, 118 (3), 1666-1674.
[25]
C.–B. Wang, G.–Y. Gau, S.–J. Gau, C.–W. Tang, J.–L. Bi, Preparation and characterization of nanosized nickel oxide. Catal. Letts., 2005, 101, 241-247.
[26]
M. Yoshio, Y. Todorov, K. Yamato, H. Noguchi, J. Itoh, M. Okada, T. Mouri, Preparation of LiyMnxNi1-XO2 as a cathode for lithium-ion batteries. J. Power Sources, 1998, 74 (1), 46-53.
[27]
R. Alcantara, P. Lavela, J. L. Tirado, R. Stoyanova, E. Zhecheva, Changes in structure and cathode performance with composition and preparation temperature of lithium cobalt nickel oxide. J. Electrochem. Soc., 1998, 145 (3), 730-736.
[28]
J. Park, E. Kang, S. U. Son, H. M. Park, M. K. Lee, J. Kim, K. W. Kim, H. J. Noh, J. H. Park, C. J. Bae, J.–G, Park, T. Hyeon, Monodispersed nanoparticles of NiO and Ni: synthesis, characterization, self-assembled super lattices, and catalytic application in the Suzuki Coupling Reaction. Adv. Mater., 2005, 17 (4), 429-434.
[29]
X. Wang, L. Li, Y. G. Zhang, S. T. Wang, Z. D. Zhang, L. F. Fei, Y. T. Qian, High-yield synthesis of NiOnanoplatelets and their excellent electrochemical performance. Cryst. Growth. Des, 2006, 6 (9), 2163-2165.
[30]
M. C. A. Fantini, F. F. Ferreira, A. Gorenstein, Theoretical and experimental results on Au-NiO and Au-CoO electrochromic composite films. Solid State Ionics, 2002, 152, 867-872.
[31]
J. Bandara, H. Weerasinghe, Solid state dye-sensitized solar cells with p-type NiO as the hole collector. Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 2005, 85, 385-390.
[32]
B. Huang, Q. C. Yu, H. M. Wang, G. Chen, K. A. Hu, Study of LiFeO2 coated NiO as cathodes for MCFC by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. J. Power Sources, 2004, 137 (2), 163-174.
[33]
I. Hotovy, V. Rehacek, P. Siciliano, S. Capone, L. Spiess, Sensing characteristics of NiO thin films as NO2 gas sensors. Thin Solid Film, 2002, 418 (1), 9-15.
[34]
E. L. Mille, R. E. Rocheleau, Electrochemical behavior of reactively sputtered iron-doped nickel oxide. J. Electrochem. Soc., 1997, 144(9), 3072-3077.
[35]
Z. Xu, M. Li, J. Y. Zhang, L. Chang, R. Q. Zhou, Z. T. Duan, Ultrafine NiO-La2O3-Al2O3 aerogel: a promising catalyst for CH4/CO2 reforming. Appl. Catal. A: General, 2001, 213 (1), 65-71.
[36]
S. Deki, H. Yanagimoto, S. Hiraoka, K. Akamatsu, K. Gotoh, NH2-terminated poly(ethylene oxide) containing NiO particles: synthesis, characterization and structural considerations. Chem. Mater., 2003, 15 (26), 4916-4922.
[37]
S. Pereira da Silva, D. Costa de Moraes, D. Samios, Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Coated with Polymer Derived from Epoxidized Oleic Acid and Cis-1,2-Cyclohexanedicarboxylic Anhydride: Synthesis and Characterization. J Material Sci Eng., 2016, 5 (3), 2-7.
[38]
Yuen-Jian C, Juan T, Fei X, Jia-Bi Z, Nin G, et al. Oleic acid were chemisorbed onto the Fe3O4 nanoparticles as a carboxilate. Drug DevInd Pharm, 2010, 36, 1235-1244.
[39]
A. Nicolau, R. M. Mariath, E. A. Martini, D. Samios, The polymerization products of epoxidized oleic acid and epoxidized methyl oleate with cis-1,2-cyclohexanedicarboxylic anhydride and triethylamine as the initiator: Chemical structures, thermal and electrical properties. Mater Sci Eng C, 2010, 30, 951-962.
[40]
M. Bloemen, W. Brullot, T. T. Luong, N. Geukens, A. Gils, et al., Improved functionalization of oleic acid-coated iron oxide nanoparticles for medical application. J. Nanopart Res, 2012, 14, 1100.
[41]
L. Zhang, R. He, H. C. Gu, Oleic acid coating on the monodisperse magnetite nanoparticles. Appl Surf Sci, 2006, 253, 2611-2617.
[42]
M. B. Ahmad, M. J. Haron, F. Namvar, B. Nadi, M. Zaki, A. Rahman and J. Amin, Synthesis, Surface Modification and Characterisation of Biocompatible Magnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications. Molecules, 2013, 18 (7), 7533-7548.
[43]
S. Y. Zhao, D. K. Lee, C. W. Kim, H. G. Cha, Y. H. Kim, Y. S. Kang, Synthesis of magnetic nanoparticles of Fe3O4 and CoFe2O4 and their surface modification by surfactant adsorption. Bull. Korean Chem. Soc., 2006, 27, 237–242.
[44]
X. Y. Ying, Y. Z. Du, L. H. Hong, H. Yuan, F. Q. Hu, Magnetic lipid nanoparticles loading doxorubicin for intracellular delivery: Preparation and characteristics. J Magn Magn Mater, 2011, 323, 1088-1093.
[45]
M. E. Villamin and Y. Kitamoto., Synthesis of multifunctional clustered nano-Fe3O4 chitosan nanocomposite for biomedical applications, AIP Conference Proceedings, 2018, 1929, 020014.
[46]
T. J. Daou, G. Pourroy, S. Begin-Colin, J. M. Greneche, C. Ulhaq-Bouillet, et al. Hydrothermal synthesis of monodisperse magnetite nanoparticles. Chem Mater, 2006, 18, 4399-4404.
Browse journals by subject