Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2019, Page: 73-80
Chemical Modification of Polystyrene Merrifield: Extraction of Zinc and Magnesium Located in Wastewater
Abid Ouerghui, Department of Chemistry, National Graduate School of Chemistry, Paris Sciences & Letters - PSL University, Paris, France; Department of Basic Sciences, Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Beja, University of Jendouba, Beja, Tunisia
Mokhtar Dardouri, Departement of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, Bizerte, Tunisia
Hichem Elamari, Departement of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, Bizerte, Tunisia
Faycel Ammari, Departement of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences of Bizerte, University of Carthage, Bizerte, Tunisia
Christian Girard, Department of Chemistry, National Graduate School of Chemistry, Paris Sciences & Letters - PSL University, Paris, France
Received: Jun. 26, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 19, 2019;       Published: Aug. 6, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20190503.11      View  620      Downloads  135
In order to remove metals (Zn & Mg) located in wastewater, a new series of clickable polystyrene Merrifield grafted with azide and alkynes were synthesized and implicated in this domain. In a first step, we transformed the polystyrene Merrifield into the known Azidomethyl polystyrene, in a second step, a coupling reaction between the Azidomethyl polystyrene and dipropargylamine was realized for the synthesis of a new terminated polystyrene alkyne containing one unit of (1,4)-triazole. To increase the length of the chain grafted on the polystyrene Merrifield, several coupling reactions are applied, the main idea of this work was to increase the number of (1,2,3) –triazole units of this grafted chain. The click chemistry based on the Huygens’s reaction catalyzed by copper (I) was used in this synthesis, the new polymers containing (1,4)-disubstituted triazole are tested for the extraction of Mg and Zn located in wastewater. The structure of new obtained polymers was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), UV-visible spectroscopy and elemental analysis for nitrogen. Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA) and Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA) were used to study crosslinking behavior of these polymers. This study shows a low selectivity of studied polymers for the retention of magnesium, while for the Zinc, the percentage removal was average, it’s in the order of 30%.
Polystyrene Merrifield, (1,4)-Triazoles, Extraction, Zinc and Magnesium in Wastewater
To cite this article
Abid Ouerghui, Mokhtar Dardouri, Hichem Elamari, Faycel Ammari, Christian Girard, Chemical Modification of Polystyrene Merrifield: Extraction of Zinc and Magnesium Located in Wastewater, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2019, pp. 73-80. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20190503.11
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Kao, T.; El Mejahed, K. and Bouzidi, A. "Evaluation de la pollution métallique dans les sols agricoles irrigués par les eaux usées de la ville de Settat (Maroc)", Bulletin de l’Institut Scientifique, Rabat, section Sciences de la Vie, 29, 2007, 89-92.
Onivogui, G.; Balde, S.; Bangoura, K. and Barry, M. K. "Évaluation des risques de pollution en métaux lourds (Hg, Cd, Pb, Co, Ni, Zn) des eaux et des sédiments de l’estuaire du fleuve Konkouré (Rep. de Guinée)"Afrique Sci., 09 (3), 2013, 36-44.
Margot, J.; and Magnet, A. "Elimination des micropolluants dans les eaux usées"Gas Wasser Abwasser (GWA), 7, 2011, 487-493.
Paugam, L.; Taha, S.; Cabon, J.; Gondrexon, N. and Dorange, G. "Nanofiltration of ammonium nitrate solutions. Study of influent parameters" Rev. Sci. Eau, 14 (4), 2001, 511-523.
Hannachi, A.; Gharzouli, R. and Dlellouli Tabet, Y. “Gestion et valorization des eaux usées en Algérie” Larhyss Journal, 19, 2014, 51-62.
Kissao, G.; Koffi, T.; Aléodjrodo, P. E.; Hazou, A.; Koffi, A.; Komi, A.; Gnon, B.; Gado, T.; Koffi, K.; Philippe, B. and Koffi, A. “Bioaccumulation de certains éléments métalliques dans les produits maraîchers cultivés sur les sols urbains le long de l'autoroute Lomé- Aného, Sud Togo” Acta Bot. Gallica, 155 (3), 2008, 415-426.
Hana Sbartai, H.; Med Reda Djebar, M. R.; Ibtissem Sbartai, I. and Houria Berrabbah, H. “Bioaccumulation du Cd et du Zn chez les plants de tomates (Lycopersicon esculentum L.)” C. R. Biologies, 335, 2012, 585-593.
Jaouad El Asslouj, J.; Kholtei, S.; Namira El Amrani, N. and Hilali, A. “Analyse de la qualité physico-chimique des eaux souterraines de la communauté des Mzamza, au voisinage des eaux usées” Afrique Science, 03 (1), 2007, 109-122.
Bouchouata, A.; Hanae Ouadarri, H.; Abdallah Abidi, A.; Asmae Benabbou, A.; ENABBOU, Youssef EL Guamr, Y. and Benaïssa Attar, B. “L'accumulation des métaux lourds au niveau des cultures: cas des cultures maraîchères du bassin de Sebou au Maroc” Afrique Science, 08 (2), 2012, 08 (2), 57-75.
Huang, K. W. and Kuo, S. W. "High‐Heteronucleobase‐Content Polystyrene Copolymers Prepared Using Click Chemistry Form Supramolecular Structures With Melamine Through Complementary Multiple Hydrogen‐Bonding Interactions" Macromol. Chem. Phys., 213, 2012, 1509-1519.
Tengiz, K.; Temur, K.; Giorgi, T.; Giuli, O.; Nino, K.; Nino, Z.; David, T. and Ramaz, K. "New 1,2,3-Triazole Containing Polyesters via Click Step-Growth Polymerization and Nanoparticles Made of Them" International Journal of Polymer Science, 2018, 1-14.
Fournier, D.; Hoogenboom, R. and Schubert, U. S. “Clicking polymers: a straightforward approach to novel macromolecular architectures” Chem. Soc., 36, 2007, 1369-1380.
Rengifo, H. R.; Grigoras, C.; Dach, B. I.; Li, X., Turro, N. J.; Lee, H. J.; Wu, W. L. and Koberstein, J. T. “Solid Phase Synthesis of Polymacromer and Copolymacromer Brushes” Macromol., 45, 2012, 3866-3873.
Sood, R.; Zhang, B.; Serghei, A.; Bernarda, J. and Drockenmuller, E. “Triethylene glycol-based poly (1,2,3-triazolium acrylate)s with enhanced ionic conductivity” Polym. Chem., 6, 2015, 3521-3528.
Baptistella, L. H. B. and Cercharo, G.“Studies for the transformation of carbocycles into carbohydrates: approach toward the synthesis of higher sugar derivatives” Carbohydrate Res., 339, 2004, 665.
Ouerghui, A.; Elamari, H.; Ghammouri, S.; Slimi, R.; Meganem, F. and Girard, C., “Polystyrene-supported triazoles for metal ions extraction: Synthesis and evaluation” React. Funct. Polym., 74, 2014, 37-45.
Sung, S. R.; Han, S. C.; Jin, S. H. and Lee, J. W. “Convergent Synthesis and Characterization of Dumbbell Type Dendritic Materials by Click Chemistry” Bull Korean Chem. Soc., 32, 2011, 3933-3940.
Chernykh, A.; Agag, T. and Ishida, H. “Synthesis of linear polymers containing benzoxazine moieties in the main chain with high molecular design versatility via click reaction” Polymer, 50, 2009, 382-390.
Samanta, D.; Murugan, P.; Ananthakrishnan, S. J.; Somanathan, N.; Das, N. S. K.; Jaisankar, S. N. and Mandal, A. B. ““Click” polymerization on a self-assembled monolayer: a convenient approach to functionalize various surfaces with polytriazoles” Chem. Commun., 48, 2012, 12068-12070.
Slimi, R.; Ben Othman, R.; Sleimi, N.; Ouerghui, A. and Girard, G. “Synthesis and Characterization of Polystyrene-Supported Piperazine-Substituted Triazoles by CuAAC and First Evaluation for Metal Ion Extraction” Polymers, 8, 2016, 187-199.
Taouil, H.; Ibn Ahmed, S.; Rifi, E. and El Assyry, A. “Zinc extraction from dilute aqueous solutions, by hydrogels of polyacrylic acid-polyacrylate sodium (Extraction du zinc à partir des solutions aqueuses diluées, par d’hydrogels d’acide polyacrylique-polyacrylate de sodium” J. Mater Environ Sci., 5, 2014, 1069-1074.
Houssine, S.; Andreas, M.; Uxua Perez de L.; Numa, P.; Philippe, T. and Tanja Z. “Cationic cellulose nanofibers from waste pulp residues and their nitrate, fluoride, sulphate and phosphate adsorption properties” Carbohydrate Polymers, 135, 2016, 334-340.
Fulya, O¨.; Pınar, A. K. and Olgun, G. “Removal of Phosphate by Using Copper-Loaded Poly (Nvinylimidazole) Hydrogels as Polymeric Ligand Exchanger” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 119, 2011, 613-619.
Ouerghui, A.; Dardouri, M.; 2), Sleimimi, N.; Bel Hadj Amor, A.; Ammari, F. and Girard, C. “Synthesis of new polymers containing 1,2,3-triazole units from poly (vinyl chloride) via “click” chemistry catalyzed by copper iodide and its application in extraction of nitrates and metals contained in wastewater” Polimery, 64 (1), 2019, 3-11.
Ferrah, N.; Abderrahim, O.; Didi, M. A. and Villemin, D. “Removal of Copper Ions from Aqueous Solutions by a New Sorbent: Polyethyleneiminemethylene Phosphonic Acid” Desalination, 269, 2011, 17-24.
Browse journals by subject