Volume 6, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 1-9
Effect of Alkali-modified Kenaf Fiber Incorporation on the Biodegradability and Hydrolytic Degradability of Used Polyethylene Material
Abubakar Umar Birnin-Yauri, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aleiro, Nigeria
Aliyu Muhammad, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aleiro, Nigeria
Ibrahim Garba Wawata, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aleiro, Nigeria
Hannatu Abubakar Sani, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aleiro, Nigeria
Mustapha Maccido, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aleiro, Nigeria
Aminu Umar, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Life Sciences, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aleiro, Nigeria
Sayudi Haruna Yahaya, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aleiro, Nigeria
Ahmad Umar, Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Sciences, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aleiro, Nigeria
Received: Jul. 20, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 29, 2020;       Published: Aug. 20, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20200601.11      View  54      Downloads  31
Abstract
Polyethylene (PE)-based plastic wastes are non-biodegradable and tend to persistently disturb and destroy the environment. The novel approach in this research is incorporation of alkali-modified kenaf fiber into the used PE material aiming at improving its biodegradability and hydrolytic degradation. The alkaline modification of the kenaf fiber was achieved using 5wt. % sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution as revealed by chemical composition analysis and Fourier Transformed Infrared Spectroscopy of the alkali-treated fiber. Melt-blending approach was employed to fabricate composites using both treated and un-treated kenaf fibers together with the used low density PE, in the form of table water sachets, at various fiber-to-PE loading formulations. Characterizations of these composites were conducted for their biodegradability using Sandy soil. Additional characterizations conducted included hydrolytic degradation and thermogravimetric analysis respectively. In the results obtained for biodegradation and hydrolytic degradation, the alkali treated kenaf fiber-PE composites revealed a more promising performance than its corresponding un-treated kenaf fiber-PE composites. The higher the kenaf fiber the higher the biodegradation and hydrolytic degradation respectively. These composites also showed higher hydrolytic degradation as well as higher thermal stability in comparison to their corresponding un-treated kenaf fiber-PE composites. The findings on Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) revealed that alkali-modified kenaf fiber incorporated PE composites showed a more statistically significant results for biodegradation and hydrolytic degradation particularly between 60 to 90 days retention periods.
Keywords
Polyethylene, Kenaf Fiber, Biodegradation, Hydrolytic Degradation
To cite this article
Abubakar Umar Birnin-Yauri, Aliyu Muhammad, Ibrahim Garba Wawata, Hannatu Abubakar Sani, Mustapha Maccido, Aminu Umar, Sayudi Haruna Yahaya, Ahmad Umar, Effect of Alkali-modified Kenaf Fiber Incorporation on the Biodegradability and Hydrolytic Degradability of Used Polyethylene Material, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20200601.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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