Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 10-13
The Role of Molecular Tools in Genetic Diversity Conservation of Indigenous Chicken Production, Tanzania: Short Communication
Edward Moto, Department of Biology, College of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, University of Dodoma, Dodoma, Tanzania
Received: Feb. 10, 2020;       Accepted: Mar. 11, 2020;       Published: Aug. 27, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20200602.11      View  43      Downloads  26
Abstract
Molecular techniques refers to methods used in molecular biology, biochemistry, genetics and biophysics which involve manipulation and analysis of DNA and RNA. Molecular techniques can also be used in biology to study genetic diversity and variation. Genetic diversity refers to the total number of genetic characteristics in the genetic makeup of a species. It shows similarity and variation that exist between breeds of the same species. Genetic diversity serves as a way for populations to adapt to changing environment. An increase loss of genetic diversity has been observed in most of agricultural species and particularly chicken genetic resources are considered to be the most threatened. Selective breeding by humans have led to the creation of many breeds characterized by high productivity, leading to the displacement of local breeds and posing a threat to the survival of many native breeds. Genetic resources are the building blocks for chicken development. The relevance of genetic diversity conservation in chicken production cannot be overemphasized because genes play a great role in formation of breeds and species. With recent advances in molecular technology, a number of techniques for in-depth genome analysis and evaluation of genetic variation in different breeds of chicken have been developed.
Keywords
Genetic Diversity, Conservation, Indigenous Chicken, Genetic Resources
To cite this article
Edward Moto, The Role of Molecular Tools in Genetic Diversity Conservation of Indigenous Chicken Production, Tanzania: Short Communication, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 10-13. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20200602.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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