Volume 6, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 14-20
Preparation and Characterization of Bioplastic from Sorghum Husk
Hannatu Abubakar Sani, Department Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Science, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aleiro, Abuja, Nigeria
Abubakar Umar Birnin Yauri, Department Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Science, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aleiro, Abuja, Nigeria
Aliyu Muhammad, Department Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Science, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aleiro, Abuja, Nigeria
Yakubu Yahayya, Department Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Science, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aleiro, Abuja, Nigeria
Mujahid Salau, Department Pure and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Physical Science, Kebbi State University of Science and Technology Aleiro, Abuja, Nigeria
Received: Jul. 31, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 18, 2020;       Published: Sep. 10, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20200602.12      View  15      Downloads  8
Abstract
The increase in global population and advances in technology have made plastic materials to have wide applications in every aspect of life. However, the non-biodegradability of these petrochemical-based materials, and their increasing accumulation in the environment has been a threat to the planet and has been a source of environmental concerns and hence, the driving force in the search for ‘green’ alternatives for which agricultural waste remains the front liner. Sorghum husk, an agricultural waste with potentials as raw material in production of bioplastic was used in this research to prepared bioplastic using sulphuric acid catalyzed acetylation process. The prepared bioplastic were characterized by X-ray diffraction and FT-IR. The FTIR spectra of the product displayed the presence of OH, C-H, C=O and C-O absorption peaks which confirmed the formation of bioplastic. The new bioplastic obtained was biodegradable and was affected by acid, salt and alkali to a lesser extent, and this indicated that the produced bioplastic were much closed or has the same chemical resistance test with traditional plastic hence the prepared bioplastic can replaced the traditional plastic. Therefore, this revealed the new bioplastics with better environmental and sustainable properties can be produced from agricultural waste which may have application in many industries.
Keywords
Biodegradable, Bioplastic, Traditional Plastic
To cite this article
Hannatu Abubakar Sani, Abubakar Umar Birnin Yauri, Aliyu Muhammad, Yakubu Yahayya, Mujahid Salau, Preparation and Characterization of Bioplastic from Sorghum Husk, American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology. Vol. 6, No. 2, 2020, pp. 14-20. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20200602.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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