American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology

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Alkyd Resin Synthesis from Mango Seed Oil (Mangifer Indica, Anacardiceae)

Received: 7 July 2023    Accepted: 8 September 2023    Published: 28 October 2023
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Abstract

Investigations were carried out on mango seed oil to analyze their suitability and extent of cross-linkage in alkyd resin synthesis. The oil was isolated from the seed kernel by soxhlet extraction method using n-hexane, characterized and used for bio-resin formulation. The oil yield, relative density, free fatty acid value, iodine value, and saponification value, etc, were carried out according to standard. Alcholysis and esterification processes were carried out in three neck flask (2000 ml), to convert the oil to alkyd resin. FTIR spectroscopy was used to identify the absorption peaks and formation of ester bonding sites at 11698 per centimeter, with the C=O stretching at 1240, 1221, 1188 per centimetre for C—O stretching frequency. A complete disappearance of the peak at 2920 per centimetre in the alkyd resin structure, and the appearance of the peak at 1240, 1221, 1188 per centimetre indicated occurrence of oil modification. The viscosity of 448cP compared well with the commercial grade having 457cP at temperature range between 25–33°C. Other parameters compared well to the commercial alkyd resin.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12
Published in American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology (Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023)
Page(s) 55-62
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Mango Seed Oil, Alkyd Resin, Alcoholysis, Esterification, Characterization

References
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    Ifeoma Perpetua Oragwu, Joseph Onyebuchi Nwadiogbu, Azubuike Jeremaih Okolo, Chika Enujekwute, Genevieve Adinnu. (2023). Alkyd Resin Synthesis from Mango Seed Oil (Mangifer Indica, Anacardiceae). American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology, 9(4), 55-62. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12

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    ACS Style

    Ifeoma Perpetua Oragwu; Joseph Onyebuchi Nwadiogbu; Azubuike Jeremaih Okolo; Chika Enujekwute; Genevieve Adinnu. Alkyd Resin Synthesis from Mango Seed Oil (Mangifer Indica, Anacardiceae). Am. J. Polym. Sci. Technol. 2023, 9(4), 55-62. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12

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    AMA Style

    Ifeoma Perpetua Oragwu, Joseph Onyebuchi Nwadiogbu, Azubuike Jeremaih Okolo, Chika Enujekwute, Genevieve Adinnu. Alkyd Resin Synthesis from Mango Seed Oil (Mangifer Indica, Anacardiceae). Am J Polym Sci Technol. 2023;9(4):55-62. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12,
      author = {Ifeoma Perpetua Oragwu and Joseph Onyebuchi Nwadiogbu and Azubuike Jeremaih Okolo and Chika Enujekwute and Genevieve Adinnu},
      title = {Alkyd Resin Synthesis from Mango Seed Oil (Mangifer Indica, Anacardiceae)},
      journal = {American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology},
      volume = {9},
      number = {4},
      pages = {55-62},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajpst.20230904.12},
      abstract = {Investigations were carried out on mango seed oil to analyze their suitability and extent of cross-linkage in alkyd resin synthesis. The oil was isolated from the seed kernel by soxhlet extraction method using n-hexane, characterized and used for bio-resin formulation. The oil yield, relative density, free fatty acid value, iodine value, and saponification value, etc, were carried out according to standard. Alcholysis and esterification processes were carried out in three neck flask (2000 ml), to convert the oil to alkyd resin. FTIR spectroscopy was used to identify the absorption peaks and formation of ester bonding sites at 11698 per centimeter, with the C=O stretching at 1240, 1221, 1188 per centimetre for C—O stretching frequency. A complete disappearance of the peak at 2920 per centimetre in the alkyd resin structure, and the appearance of the peak at 1240, 1221, 1188 per centimetre indicated occurrence of oil modification. The viscosity of 448cP compared well with the commercial grade having 457cP at temperature range between 25–33°C. Other parameters compared well to the commercial alkyd resin.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Alkyd Resin Synthesis from Mango Seed Oil (Mangifer Indica, Anacardiceae)
    AU  - Ifeoma Perpetua Oragwu
    AU  - Joseph Onyebuchi Nwadiogbu
    AU  - Azubuike Jeremaih Okolo
    AU  - Chika Enujekwute
    AU  - Genevieve Adinnu
    Y1  - 2023/10/28
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12
    T2  - American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
    JF  - American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
    JO  - American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
    SP  - 55
    EP  - 62
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2575-5986
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.12
    AB  - Investigations were carried out on mango seed oil to analyze their suitability and extent of cross-linkage in alkyd resin synthesis. The oil was isolated from the seed kernel by soxhlet extraction method using n-hexane, characterized and used for bio-resin formulation. The oil yield, relative density, free fatty acid value, iodine value, and saponification value, etc, were carried out according to standard. Alcholysis and esterification processes were carried out in three neck flask (2000 ml), to convert the oil to alkyd resin. FTIR spectroscopy was used to identify the absorption peaks and formation of ester bonding sites at 11698 per centimeter, with the C=O stretching at 1240, 1221, 1188 per centimetre for C—O stretching frequency. A complete disappearance of the peak at 2920 per centimetre in the alkyd resin structure, and the appearance of the peak at 1240, 1221, 1188 per centimetre indicated occurrence of oil modification. The viscosity of 448cP compared well with the commercial grade having 457cP at temperature range between 25–33°C. Other parameters compared well to the commercial alkyd resin.
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli, Nigeria

  • Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli, Nigeria

  • Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli, Nigeria

  • Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli, Nigeria

  • Department of Pure and Industrial Chemistry, Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli, Nigeria

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